Hacienda Del Sol

What was happening in 1929?

See what else was going on in the United States the same year Hacienda Del Sol opened.

In 1929, Hacienda Del Sol opened its historic gate for the first time and became an elite ranch school for girls. 

Aerial View of Hacienda Del Sol in 1929
Aerial view of Hacienda Del Sol in 1929

1929 Quick Facts:

  • A dozen eggs cost about $0.52
  • Top songs in 1929 included Singin’ in the Rain by Cliff Edwards and When You’re Smiling by Louis Armstrong
  • The most popular baby names were Mary and Robert
  • The population in Tucson was about 30,000
  • The average household income was $1,388 per year 
  • The cost of room and board at Hacienda Del Sol was $1,600 per year

1929 Advertisement for Hacienda Del Sol


Throughout 1929:

January 1929:

  • On January 15, 1929 Martin Luther King Jr. was born in Atlanta, Georgia. 

February 1929:

  • The Broadway Melody, the first major musical film, was released. 

March 1929:

  • On March 4, 1929, Herbert Hoover was sworn in as the 31st President of the United States.

President Herbert Hoover delivering the Inaugural Address
President Herbert Hoover delivering the inagural address.
Photo courtesy of The National Archives.


April 1929:

  • The girls of Hacienda Del Sol took their only vacation over Easter weekend when they went down to Mexico to stay at the Playa de Cortez Resort Hotel.
  • Spencer Tracy celebrated his 29th birthday on April 5. 

May 1929: 

  • The 1st Academy Awards Ceremony was held at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel in Hollywood, California.
  • Wings, a 1927 film, won the Academy Award for Best Picture. 
  • Katharine Hepburn celebrated her 22nd birthday on May 12. 

Katharine Hepburn & Spencer Tracy
Years later in 1941, Spencer Tracy and Katharine Hepburn met on the set of Woman of the Year.
You can now stay where they stayed in the Tracy-Hepburn Casita Grande.

June 1929:

  • The first public demonstration of the color television was held in New York City. The first images shown were an American flag and a bouquet of roses. 
  • At the time, the American flag featured only 48 stars – Alaska and Hawaii were not part of the United States yet. 

The American Flag in 1929
The American Flag in 1929 at President Herbert Hoover's inauguration

July 1929:

  • Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, First Lady of the United States and wife to the 35th President of the United States, was born on July 28, 1929.

August 1929:

  • Lightweight boxing champion, Sammy Mandell, retained his title with split decision after going 10 rounds with Tony Canzoneri in Chicago. 
  • The Women’s Air Derby, the first ever all-women’s aviation race, began in California. Female pilots raced to Cleveland, Ohio with the winner claiming $24,000 in prize money.

September 1929:

  • Arnold Palmer was born on September 10, 1929 in Pennsylvania.

October 1929:

  • The Philadelphia Athletics beat the Chicago Cubs in the World Series (4-1).
  • Prices on the New York Stock Exchange collapsed which began The Great Depression. The Great Depression reached its lowest point in 1933 and continued until 1939.
  • The girls arrived at Hacienda Del Sol for their first year of school. 

The students arriving to Hacienda Del Sol
The students of Hacienda Del Sol step into the school for the first time


November 1929:

  • The Museum of Modern Art opened to the public in New York City.
  • The first commercial flight landed in Tucson. Piloted by Jack Frye, it took off in California and landed at the Tucson Municipal Airport.

December 1929:

  • President Herbert Hoover delivered his first State of the Union message to Congress.  


Can't get enough of Hacienda Del Sol history? Stop by Hacienda Del Sol and experience a living history for yourself. 

See you soon.